Now let’s look at the verb ‘to sit’. Here are some common expressions using this verb combined with particles:
‘to sit around’ means to spend time doing very little.
* They just sit around and do nothing all day.
* We sat around in the hotel until it stopped raining.
‘to sit back’ means to wait for something to happen while deliberately not being involved.
* She just sat back and waited for us to do everything.
* You can’t just sit back and expect me to do everything.
‘to sit down’ means to lower your body into a sitting position.
* We looked for somewhere to sit down.
* She sat down beside me on the sofa and started talking.
‘to sit in on’ something means to be present during a meeting or event but not participate.
* He asked me to sit in on the discussion and report back to him.
* When I was new to the department, I sat in on meetings to learn the procedures.
‘to sit on’ a committee or panel means to be a member.
* As the representative of the personnel, I sat on the board of directors.
* He sat on many committees dealing with education.
‘to sit out’ means to be outside rather than inside.
* While the weather was good, we sat out and had lunch.
* We went to the pub and sat out at the tables in the garden.
‘to sit out’ something means to wait for it to finish.
* His injury meant that he had to sit out the rest of the competition.
* When it started raining, we decided to sit out the storm in the café.
‘to sit over’ someone is to watch them very carefully to check up on them.
* I sat over him and made sure he took his medicine.
* She sat over me until I had finished everything.
‘to sit through’ means to remain until something is finished, especially if it is unpleasant.
* They sat through a very long meeting.
* We had to sit through a very boring lecture before we could go for a drink.
‘to sit up’ means to not go to bed until it very late.
* I sat up and waited for him to come home.
* She sat up all night to finish her project before the deadline.